Scary Skin Stories

What is chicken skin disease? How can it be controlled?
 

Chicken skin condition, also known as Keratosis Pilaris, is a common skin condition affecting children, adolescences and young adults. It is a genetic disease and clustering in the families may be seen. It is more commonly seen in women than in men. Clinically, it appears as rough skin and slight redness around the lesion may be due to the inflammation of the skin. Excess skin collection on follicles gives roughness to the skin which feels like goose bump, hence the name, chicken skin. Generally, it is asymptomatic or sometimes mild itching may be present. Pain, redness or pus-filled lesions may be a sign of bacterial infection. It causes immense cosmetic concern to adolescents or young adults otherwise it is generally a mild but chronic disease. Use of moisturizer, keratolitic agents like salicylic acid and urea may improve the skin texture.


Leprosy recurrence has recently been reported in slum areas of the country, but it was eliminated in Nepal in 2010; why have we not eradicated it?
 

Leprosy was declared as eliminated from Nepal in 2010. It has not been eradicated. There is a huge confusion regarding the terminology. Eradication means bringing down the number of cases of a particular disease to zero, meaning the disease does not exist anymore under natural circumstances. Elimination, on the other hand, means to reduce the incidence of a disease to below one case per 10,000 population. So, it has been eliminated not eradicated. We are far from eradicating leprosy from the world and even further so, from Nepal. In addition to early diagnosis and management of lepromatous leprosy, which is the severe form of leprosy with the highest infectivity and huge bacterial reservoir, access to multi drug therapy by the patients, poverty reduction and improvement in the quality of life are the basic requirements for control of leprosy and, with the state of affairs in the country at present, eradication is only a distant dream.


What’s good for fungal infection on nails?
 

Fungal infection of the nail, also known as onychomycosis, is a common condition affecting the nails in young adults or middle-aged and older individuals. Once infection is present, a dermatologist should be consulted for its proper management. For its prevention, proper weather-suitable footwear, avoidance of trauma to the nails, keeping the hands and feet dry after household chores, are essential.

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