Diabetes, Prediabetes, Thyroid Diseases
Is it true that if my parents have diabetes I will also get diabetes no matter what I do?
No. If your family member has Type 2 diabetes, then you are at a risk for developing Type 2 diabetes which further depends on your weight, lifestyle, age and race. Asians are a high risk group for developing diabetes. Being overweight with no physical activity exponentially increases the risk. Therefore, exercise should not be undertaken for weight loss. The older you get (which usually text book says >45) puts you at higher risk but younger and younger people are getting newly diagnosed including teenagers.
Can I have Type 2 Diabetes and not know about it?
Yes, diabetes can be quite asymptomatic or can have very vague symptoms. Classic symptoms of weight loss, dry mouth and excessive urination, when present, usually means diabetes, but absence of these symptoms does not mean that one could not have diabetes. The American statistics for diabetes is phenomenal:
Diagnosed: 18.8 million people Undiagnosed: 7.0 million people Prediabetes: 79 million people
What is prediabetes and what does that mean for my health?
Prediabetes is conditions in which the blood glucose is more than the normal level but it still has not reached the diabetes threshold. Prediabetes, as expected, does put the patient under high risk of progressing to frank diabetes which needs commencement of medications. Good news is: with proper lifestyle changes, most people can regress and delay or never develop diabetes. It can be easily checked with a blood test called glycosylated haemoglobin HbA1c which is available in most labs throughout the city.