Clean It Right:Rules of Cleansing

-Pragya Pokhrel

A glowing skin always attracts compliments, but it is not something that comes naturally, at least not for many of us. You need to put in some extra care for this.

First impression plays an important role in building up communication and dealing with daily life activities. A glowing complexion helps in doing that. Some people are quite lucky and are blessed with good skin whereas some need to put in that extra effort. Regular skin cleansing and use of skin friendly products help you maintain your skin. This is simple with the growing market and easy accessibility of products.

Cleansing helps get rid of concentrated foreign elements and contamination. It keeps your skin healthy and glowing. Oily skin requires washing the face several times a day whereas dry and sensitive skin should be cleansed only once daily. We are concerned with the freckles, moles, and signs of ageing. We put on makeup that suits our skin. Most of us are well aware that the pollution and the cosmetics that we use to beautify ourselves are retained in the skin. If these concentrated foreign elements remain for a longer duration, they will cause damage to the skin.

Dermatologist Ayushman Ghimire says, “Many of the environmental impurities and cosmetic products are not water soluble, so washing the skin with simple water would not be sufficient to remove them. Substances capable of emulsifying them into finer particles are to be used for making these fat soluble impurities water soluble. Herein, cleansers fit into the picture. Skin cleansers are surface-active substances (i.e. emulsifiers/detergents/surfactants/soaps) that lower the surface tension on the skin and remove dirt, sebum, oil from cosmetic products, microorganisms, and exfoliated corneum cells in an emulsified form. An ideal cleanser should do all these without damaging or irritating the skin; on the contrary, it should try to keep the skin surface moist.”

Many dermatologists believe that maintaining the skin surface at its physiological pH (4–6.5) during cleansing prevents overgrowth of certain microorganisms like Propionibacterium acnes. Soaps with an alkaline pH have also been said to cause damage to the lipid bilayer of the stratum corneum, thus causing dryness of the skin. Hence, the ideal cleanser should be pH balanced, with less irritant and drying potential.

According to beauty expert Sneh Rana, cleansing, toning, and moisturizing should be added to our regular regime. This helps skin sustain elasticity, close pores, and retain glow on the skin. One should never use soap on the face. Use face wash and moisturizer as per the skin type. For example, oily skin should use oil-free face wash.

Microdermabrasion and chemical peel are some of the services available here for skin treatment. Microdermabrasion is a light cosmetic procedure that uses a mechanical medium for exfoliation to gently remove the outermost layer of dead skin cells from the epidermis. Most commonly, microdermabrasion involves an exfoliating material like crystals or diamond flake, and a machine-based suction to gently lift up the skin during exfoliation.

A chemical peel is a body treatment technique used to improve and smoothen the texture of the facial skin using a chemical solution that causes the dead skin to slough off and eventually peel off. The regenerated skin is usually smoother and has better texture. Another one is laser skin resurfacing, which removes skin layer by layer with high precision. The new skin cells that form during healing give the skin a tighter and younger looking surface.

And, you can always stick to the simple rules if you want to look graceful, irrespective of the age. Taking care of your skin from the beginning makes a difference, and you should:

Apply broad-spectrum sunscreen regularly.
Smoking destroys collagen and elastin and also decreases estrogen levels in the body which helps to keep skin firm. And smoking is good for nothing.
Look for ingredients such as retinol, CLA4, and AHA to minimize the appearance of age spots and fine lines while buying anti-ageing products.
Drink lots of water, this keeps your skin hydrated.
Sleep enough, this helps skin repair itself.

Here are four short and easy steps for makeup removal, which not only clears up dirt but keeps the skin clean.
1. Take off your makeup:
Clean up your makeup with makeup remover, baby oil, or an oil-based cream.
2. Choose the right product for your skin:
It is important that you use the right products depending on your skin type. If you have normal skin, you have the liberty to experiment with any product, but for a sensitive skin, use mild products that won’t bring about any breakouts.
3. Take time:
Moisten your face with lukewarm water and use a cleanser that suits your skin type. Take cleanser on your fingers and rub gently in a circular motion all over your face, going your way up and into the hairline and also down past your jaw line.
4. Wash it right:
Washing the face more than once or twice can lead to irritation of the skin. If you’re someone who sweats a lot, and during workouts, wash your face, otherwise, stick to washing the face just twice, in the morning and before you sleep at night.

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